Contents

libvirt-snmp

This is a subproject of libvirt. It provides SNMP functionality for libvirt. Users can monitor domains as well as set domain attributes over SNMP. All from one place.

Features

Libvirt-snmp allows users to:

Concepts

To provide all functionality, we need a SNMP agent, which connects to a running libvirt daemon and listens for incoming requests. When a request arrives agent calls appropriate libvirt functions and sends the result back in a typical request-response mechanism. In addition libvirt-snmp monitors domains' activity and sends asynchronous traps to the network management system. So, for instance when a domain unexpectedly crashes the network management system is notified immediately. Following image shows the difference:

Image:SNMP_RequestResponse_VS_Trap.png

Libvirt-snmp now provides a simple table of domains. Each row contains:

  1. domain name
  2. state of domain
  3. cpu count defined for domain
  4. current allocated memory
  5. memory limit for domain
  6. cpu time
  7. row status

Currently, domain state and row status can be set from outside. Others are read-only. Every time a request for a table is received, the agent gathers all necessary info from libvirt daemon, fills in all cells and sends table back. When user wants to set a row, appropriate libvirt functions are called and the success of operation is reported.

All domains are referred via UUID, which only can be considered unique.

Download

Sources can be downloaded via git:

$ git clone git://libvirt.org/libvirt-snmp.git

or viewed online:

http://libvirt.org/git/?p=libvirt-snmp.git;a=summary

Development Guide

Since this is a sub-project, all rules from libvirt apply. For more read libvirt contributor guidelines. Contributions to this project are VERY welcome.

Compilation & Install

To compile and install libvirt-snmp, you will need a couple of packages installed:

$ sudo yum install net-snmp-perl net-snmp net-snmp-utils net-snmp-devel libvirt-devel

On some systems additional packages may be required like openssl-devel and zlib-devel. Then just enter the directory containing the package's source code and run:

$ ./autobuild.sh

It will produce an executable binary in build/src subdirectory and also an rpm package. By default, the rpm is located in $HOME/rpmbuild/RPMS/<arch>/. To install the package enter that directory and run:

$ sudo yum --nogpgcheck localinstall libvirt-snmp-*.rpm

or use a more specific package name if you have several versions there. After a successful installation you should be able to run:

$ sudo libvirtMib_subagent -H -L

-H means to print the list of configuration file directives, -L prints errors to stderr.

Also, there is another important file installed: LIBVIRT-MIB.txt. If you are familiar with SNMP terminology this is the MIB which defines the information base for libvirt-snmp. It is needed so snmp tools (snmpwalk, snmptable, snmpset, etc.) knows what are they working with, what variables, which are read-only and which can be set, etc.

Configuration

Before we run our fresh installed libvirt-snmp agent a little configuration is needed. First of all, snmpd.conf needs to be changed. Usually it is located in /etc/snmp/ directory. Whatever it contains, we need it to contain these lines only:

rwcommunity public
master agentx
trapcommunity public
trap2sink  localhost

Any previous configuration (especially default) must be replaced. The first defines read-write access community name, the second will enable the AgentX functionality. The last two says where are traps send and default community string to be used when sending traps.

The libvirt connection uri can be set via environment variable LIBVIRT_DEFAULT_URI. For instance:

# LIBVIRT_DEFAULT_URI="qemu:///system" libvirtMib_subagent -f -L

Please note, that subagent needs to be run as root, or it will fail to connect to snmp daemon running.

It might also be useful to configure your snmptrap daemon. But this is not required and following configuration should be considered as an example, because it will not cover needs of all users. Listing of /etc/snmp/snmptrapd.conf:

# Example configuration file for snmptrapd
authCommunity log,execute,net public
logOption f /var/log/snmptraps.log

The first option let traps with 'public' community string to be logged, allowed to trigger associated executable actions and forward data to the network. The second one specifies log destination.

It is also important to let snmptrap daemon load libvirt MIB module. This can be done by adding '-m ALL' to snmptrapd startup options (/etc/sysconfig/snmptrapd):

OPTIONS="-m ALL -p /var/run/snmptrapd.pid"

Examples of use

Once we have a libvirt-snmp agent running, we can try some examples.

First try running snmpwalk:

$ snmpwalk -m ALL -v 2c -c public -OX localhost libvirtMIB

it should print something like this:

LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestName[STRING: 7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8] = STRING: "test1"
LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestState[STRING: 7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8] = INTEGER: running(1)
LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestCpuCount[STRING: 7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8] = Gauge32: 1
LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestMemoryCurrent[STRING: 7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8] = Gauge32: 512
LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestMemoryLimit[STRING: 7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8] = Gauge32: 512
LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestCpuTime[STRING: 7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8] = Counter64: 1836840000000
LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestRowStatus[STRING: 7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8] = INTEGER: active(1)

Here we can see a one domain running, with name test1, 512MB both memory usage and limit, 1 CPU and 1836840000000 nanoseconds of CPU time used by domain. Then we have it's UUID (7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8) so we can refer to a domain without ambiguity.

If you don't see such output you might have no domain running. Please note, that we show only not-shutdown domains.

We can actually show snmp table:

$ snmptable -m ALL -v 2c -c public -Cb localhost libvirtGuestTable

which will produce a nice looking output:

SNMP table: LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestTable
   Name   State CpuCount MemoryCurrent MemoryLimit       CpuTime RowStatus
"test1" running        1           512         512 1889430000000    active


Now we can set the state of a domain (running->paused, paused->running, running->shutdown):

$ snmpset -m ALL -v 2c -c public localhost libvirtGuestState.\'7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8\' = paused
$ snmpset -m ALL -v 2c -c public localhost libvirtGuestState.\'7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8\' = running
$ snmpset -m ALL -v 2c -c public localhost libvirtGuestState.\'7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8\' = shutdown

However, it is possible to start a machine, but we need to know it's UUID:

$ snmpset -m ALL -v 2c -c public localhost libvirtGuestRowStatus.\'7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8\' = createAndGo

or destroy it:

$ snmpset -m ALL -v 2c -c public localhost libvirtGuestRowStatus.\'7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8\' = destroy

Moreover, when you have your snmptrapd configured, you can see an traps captured in /var/log/messages:

ps-ad2k8.brq.redhat.com [UDP: [127.0.0.1]:53568->[127.0.0.1]]: Trap , DISMAN-EVENT-MIB::sysUpTimeInstance = Timeticks: (636682) 1:46:06.82,
 SNMPv2-MIB::snmpTrapOID.0 = OID: LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestNotif,
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestName.0 = STRING: "test1",
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestUUID.1 = STRING: 7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8,
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestState.2 = INTEGER: running(1),
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestRowStatus.3 = INTEGER: active(1)
ps-ad2k8.brq.redhat.com [UDP: [127.0.0.1]:53568->[127.0.0.1]]: Trap , DISMAN-EVENT-MIB::sysUpTimeInstance = Timeticks: (639013) 1:46:30.13,
 SNMPv2-MIB::snmpTrapOID.0 = OID: LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestNotif,
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestName.0 = STRING: "test1",
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestUUID.1 = STRING: 7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8,
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestState.2 = INTEGER: paused(3),
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestRowStatus.3 = INTEGER: active(1)
ps-ad2k8.brq.redhat.com [UDP: [127.0.0.1]:53568->[127.0.0.1]]: Trap , DISMAN-EVENT-MIB::sysUpTimeInstance = Timeticks: (640124) 1:46:41.24,
 SNMPv2-MIB::snmpTrapOID.0 = OID: LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestNotif,
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestName.0 = STRING: "test1",
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestUUID.1 = STRING: 7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8,
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestState.2 = INTEGER: running(1),
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestRowStatus.3 = INTEGER: active(1)
ps-ad2k8.brq.redhat.com [UDP: [127.0.0.1]:53568->[127.0.0.1]]: Trap , DISMAN-EVENT-MIB::sysUpTimeInstance = Timeticks: (641601) 1:46:56.01,
 SNMPv2-MIB::snmpTrapOID.0 = OID: LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestNotif,
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestName.0 = STRING: "test1",
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestUUID.1 = STRING: 7ad4bc2a-16db-d8c0-1f5a-6cb777e17cd8,
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestState.2 = INTEGER: shutoff(5),
 LIBVIRT-MIB::libvirtGuestRowStatus.3 = INTEGER: notInService(2)